Sunday, August 12, 2012

Geography Lesson Plan: 4th Grade

Subject Matter:  History-Social Science

Grade Level: 4th Grade

Lesson Objective:

Learners will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of geographic features that define places and regions.

Subject Matter Content Standard: 

4.1 Students demonstrate an understanding of the physical and human geographic 
features that define places and regions in California. 
1.  Explain and use the coordinate grid system of latitude and longitude to determine the
absolute locations of places in California and on Earth.
2.  Distinguish between the North and South Poles; the equator and the prime meridian;
the tropics; and the hemispheres, using coordinates to plot locations.

Technology Standard:

3. Research and Information Fluency 
Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, 
and use information.
a. Plan strategies to guide inquiry
b. Locate, organize, analyze, evaluate, synthesize,
and ethically use information from a variety of
sources and media
c. Evaluate and select information sources and digital
tools based on the appropriateness to specific tasks
d. Process data and report results

Website Addresses Used as Resources:

  Watch the video on Latitude and Longitude and answer the questions below.
Use this interactive map to input coordinates of destinations and click on destinations to find coordinates.

Student Research Questions:

1. What is Latitude and Longitude? Why do you think we use these forms of measurement?

2.What is Latitude and Longitude also known as?

3. What is the name of the line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres?

4. How many degree are in each Hemisphere?

5. What is located at 90 degrees South and 90 degrees North?

6. What location is 0 degrees Longitude? What is another name for this line of longitude?

7. What is the significance of 180 degrees Longitude?

8.  How many minutes are in each degree?

9. Using the interactive map, what are the coordinates for the following locations? What is the significance of these locations?:
1. Washington, DC
2. Sacramento, CA
3. Santa Maria, CA

10. Using the interactive map, find the locations for the following coordinates? *Remember to enter the correct degree as positive (+) or negative (-).
1. Latitude: 28N 25' 7.36"   Longitude: 81W 34' 52.30"
2. Latitude: 48N 51' 29.16"  Longitude: 2E 17' 40.86"
3. Latitude: 33S 51' 25.28"  Longitude: 151E 12' 50.58"

11. Come up with an important location and coordinates of your own. Why is this location important to you?


In this lesson I use the internet to teach the students through video animation and the use of online mapping tools. I will assess the student' s knowledge by the answers given for each questions. If the child is able to maneuver through the mapping tool, they should be able to give me locations and coordinates of each given destination.


International Society for Technology in Education. 2011. NETS for Student Resources. Retrieved from:

California State Board of Education. 2012. Content Standards. Retrieved from:

Rosenberg, Matt. 2012. Video: Latitude and Longitude. Retrieved from: Mobile and Desktop Maps. 2012. Latitude and Longitude of a Point. Retrieved from:

PA Hiking Trails. 2012. GPS Technology. Retrieved from: